TIME LINE OF RADIO-HOLLAND HISTORY

YearDescriptionSource:
1914* Augustus .: Outbreak World War I. The British government prohibits the use of wireless telegraphy on board foreign vessels in the territorial waters of the United Kingdom. When approaching an anchorage or port, the antenna must be lowered. Each telegram exchange is subject to British censorship. On the Dutch side running through all this gradually establish nursing staff and maintenance. The Dutch owners understand the importance of a Radio operator (R/O) board. They already hired Dutch R/O’s from Société Anonyme International de Télégrafie sans Fil (SAIT). When setting up a Dutch company they wanted to take over the SAIT offices in Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Batavia. Of course including the staff, warehouses, patents and license fees. 
1916December 6, 1916 the Nederlandsche Telegraafmaatschappij “Radio-Holland” was established. Inaugural meeting was held in the Scheepvaarthuis in Amsterdam at 3:20 pm nm. Issue 200 shares Shareholders:  Stoomvaart My Nederland  Ned. Amerikaansche Stoomvaart My Stoomvaart My Rotterdamsche Lloyd Stoomvaart My Rotterdam  Stoomvaart My Triton  Kon. Pakketvaart Maatschappy Kon. Hollandsche Lloyd  Kon. West Indische Maildienst Kon. Nederlandsche Stoomboot My  Java China Japan Lyn  Van Nievelt, Goudriaan & Co’s Stoomvaart. My  Bataafsche Petroleum My. Vrachtvaart My. Bothnia  Stoomvaart. My. Oostzee  Stoomboot My Hillegersberg  Phs van Ommeren  Scheepvaart en Steenkolen My.  Solleveld, van der Meer & T.H. van Hattum’s Stoomvaart. My  Maatschappy Zeevaart  Jos de Poorter  F. van Hasselt  W.R. Esser  M.P. Voute Jr.  L.H.F. Wackers. Director L.H.F. Wackers Supervisory Board: (President of the Board) J.B.A. Jonckheer – Directeur Stoomvaart Maatschappij “Nederland” Prof. C.L. van der Bilt – Professor at the Technical University H. Colijn – Director der Bataafsche Petroleum Maatschappij A.J.M. Goudriaan – Director N.V. van Nievelt Goudriaan & Co’s Stoomvaart Mij P.J. Roosegaarde Bisschop – Administrator der Java China-Japan Lijn J.R. Wierdsma – Director der Nederlandsch-Amerikaansche Stoomvaart Mij. J. Wilmink – Director van den Koninklijken Hollandschen Lloyd D. Hudig L. Jzn. – Director der Koninklijke Nederlandsche Stoomboot Mij en van de Koninklyken West-Indischen MaildienstAnnual report 1917
1916There is also a Telegram Service for settlement of costs incurred on board .The company started at De Ruyter Kade 13 in the premises of Geveke & Co. 
1916The work of the company actually started on November 5, 1916 when the main stakeholders decided in a meeting  in the creation of the Company. Our first concern was focused creating  our country of wireless ship’s installations, the circumstances were such that supply of wireless equipment from abroad was no longer possible. Our attempts have been very successful. Placed At various factories we placed orders for the main components and in addition other parts of installations were made special persons according to our instructions. At present we have more than two dozen installations, as good as fully available, considered tob e sufficicient to provide the Dutch Shipping needs until the newly established Dutch Seintoestellen Fabriek (NSF) is able to meet further requests 
1917The vessels s.s. Mirach and Sirrah  of “Van Nievelt, Goudriaan & Co. Stoomvaart My” and s.s. Johanna of “My Stoomschip” “were the first three vessels equipped by BTM Radio-Holland. The equipment was almost entirely manufactured in the Netherlands. 5 to 7 manufacturers were involved. The installation of the s.s. Arundo of “Maatschappy Nautical” was given in operation. The first recruitment of radio operators yielded few problems. Even before the end of the year 1916 there were enough employees. For the later addition of such staff we made a short term cancellable agreement,  with a training institute specially dedicated to the training of radio operators, which resulted in adequate safeguards and assured us that this training program was entirely according our demands. Mr Turnbull of Marconi Wireless Telegraph Comp. seeks rapprochement with NTM RH with respect to setting up a factory in Holland. It was immediately pointed out that such a plant must be pure Dutch in all cases. This was accepted by Mr Turnbull. He further stated that the SAIT was willing to act on the resignation of its entire business in Holland and willing to start negotiation Negotiations were initiated with the SAIT who had managed at this point of time to operate all wireless stations on board Dutch merchant vessels. 
1918NTM RH changes its policy from sales to rental and operation 13 vessels with contracts incl. Operation and radio operator. Vessels Rozenburg, Stuyvesant and Java are the first 3 based on rental conditions 15 radio operators employed. Establishment of the Dutch factory Nederlandsche Seintoestellen Fabriek (NSF)Annual report 1918
1919March: The NTM RH headquarters moves to Weteringschans 104, Amsterdam The Dutch ships stations under its jurisdiction of SAIT are handed over to Radio Holland. The staff of the SAIT in the Netherlands joins NTM Radio Holland 
1919Mr G. Marconi and Mr. G.C. Isaacs of Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co. Ltd. Become members of the Supervisory Board as well as Mr H. Travailleur and Mr. G. Perier from SAIT. 
191939 new ship stations. 159 ships stations taken over from SAIT on September 1st. Total end 1919: 201 stations. 252 employed radio operators Number of telegrams: sent 12309; received 3365 
1919January 1919: Radio operators SAIT and Radi0-Holland refuse to muster due to. salary negotiations. 20 Feb1919 salary offer of NTM RH is accepted: Radiotelegraphist 2nd class  Fl. 130-180, Radiotelegrafist 1st class Fl. 180-250, Chief Radiotelegraphist minimum Fl. 250. Premium for tropical Service Fl. 2,50 per day 
1919Inspection Office in Amsterdam – motorboat in operation Inspection Rotterdam located at Boompjes 23, after some time it is moved to Boompjes 28. There are 8 employees. 
1919Starting of Radio Holland in the Dutch East Indies. The start-up involves the acquisition of SAIT interests there. Office was locatd at Laan Trivelli in Batavia and the inspection office was at Kalli-Matti in Tjandjong-Priok Thetraining school was started in Rotterdam.  The school in Amsterdam, founded in 1915, was located before the war on respectively the Ruyterkade, Pr. Hendrikkade, Keizersgracht 562 , Herengracht 125, Keizersgracht 31, Levantkade 6 to eventually Keizersgracht 688. (where it stayed  until the school was closed in 1986) 
1920President of Supervisory Board J.B.A. Jonckheer resigns and Mr. D. Hudig L. Jzn. Is appointed as President of the Board. Mr. J.F. van Hengel – director of “Stoomvaart My Netherlands” becomes member of the Board, 
1920* May: the headquarters, Inspection Amsterdam and School are going to one building; Keizersgracht 562. The inspection Office had moved in that short time at the Beurs, the De Ruyter Kade, Pr. Hendrikkade and the latest location was Weteringschans 104. * Establishment of Radio Holland Indies moved to Zuiderboordweg 17 in Tjandjong-Priok. One of the main reoresentations is that of the Dutch Seintoestellen factory (N.S.F). Sales were also done under own brand. 
1920A total of 320 stations are in operation. Plans to build suitable building in Priok. On June 26, 1920 shows RH demonstrations conducted with wireless telephony between Bandung and Weltevreden. The application is found very important for rural businesses, especially in times of turbulenceNieuws v.d. Dag voor N.I. 22-4-1930
1920Courses for radiotelegraphist set up in Harlingen, Leeuwarden, Utrecht, Groningen and IJmuiden (except the last two; transferred into private hands) 
1920Pension fund set up for radio operators. Radio Holland was carrying out experiments with wireless telephony. There was a reference to a depot in Hamburg. Marconi patent rights amounted to Fl. 174 563 
1920Reference is made motorboats (probably one in Amsterdam and one in Rotterdam) Building Inspection Rotterdam at the Maaskade 
1920End 1920: 358 radiotelegrafists employed Sent telegrams: 60971; received: 24964 Annual remunaration for radio operators on board vessels ranged from fl. 1490 to Fl. 5,200 per year 
19217 July 1921: Mr. Th. P. van den Bergh is appointed as director of  NTM RH. Supervisory Board member J. Wilminkt resigns. 
1921In the past year NTM RH also experienced the backlash from the general downturn in shipping. Both due to the sale of ships to foreign countries and as a result of the circumstances that one of our main contractors proceeded to abolish the wireless service on most of his fleet, we got at our disposal quite a significant number of ship’s installations. 50 new contracts; 62 cancellations 
1921In Rotterdam and Amsterdam listening services were setup to forward to shipowners the received telegrams from ship stations operated by us,  within our receiving range, and displatchthem directly by telephone. In many cases this will avoid significant loss of time needed fort he transmissiom over cables and landlines. 
1921To make the radio operator, placed on board cargo ships, more useful for the shhipowner we made an arrangement with the radio operators whereby he is becomes available to perform jobs on deck (tallying etc) and administrative work 
1921The press agency was taken over from SAIT. 
1921Savings and Retirement Supporting Funds starts for radio operators and shore staff 
1921For Radio operators allowances are provided for operations on tugboats, tankers, lightships in the tropics and long journeys 
1921Telegrams: sent 71290 received 35126 Number of radio operators per 31-12-1921: 373. 
1922A number of radio operators were put on reduced pay due to slump in shipping 
1922New office building, workshop and warehouse in Tanjung Priok in use. Rotterdam property purchased on Boompjes 28 
1922With news agencies contracts were concluded making it possible for ships to subscribe to daily foreign, Dutch and East Indies news. In January 1923, the first “The Ocean Post” a / b of passenger ships. 
1923In January 1923, the first “The Ocean Post” a / b of passenger ships. 
1923Spring: Inspection Amsterdam moves to Levantkade 6. 
1923Operation of some telegraphy stations on board fishing vessels First placement of a number of radio direction-finders on board ships. It proved in practice that these instruments are a valuable navigational aid. 
1923/24The RH-school moves to Keizersgracht 31 in Amsterdam 
1924NTM RH takes care of the ship’s radio service on 93% of the Dutch merchant fleet 
1924NTM RH installs the first radiodirectionfinders on Dutch tugboatsDe Telegraaf 19 April 1924
1924On some passenger ships RH installed for the first time so-called broadcast receivers, via which the powerful broadcasting stations can be received at great distance On board a fishing vessel the first radiotelephone has been installed. England issued regulations requiring radio equipment for lifeboats. This resulted in a number of assignments 
192431 Dec: The number of telgrams sent and received: 122880 67 people were employed on shore in The Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies 
1925Supervisory Board D. Hudig L Jzn, J.R.Wiersma, Prof C.L. v.d. Bilt, J.F. van Hengel, A.J.M. Goudriaan, P.J. Roosegaarde Bisschop, G.L. Tegelberg, director of NV Geveke & Co’s Techn. Bureau A.F. Philips Director of N.V. Philips’ Gloeilampenfabriek M.H. de Beaufort – Director Kon. Holl. Lloyd J.H. Hummel – Direcor of Nederlandse Kon. Pakketvaart My. Bern. E. Ruys – Director der Stoomvaart. Mij Rotterdamsche Lloyd A.E.J. Bertling – Ex- Minister of Finance A. Veder – Member pf the company Firma A. van Hoboken & Co. Redemption of shares in foreign hands took place. Messrs Marconi, Isaacs, Perier and Travailleur resign as members of the Board. 
1925Radio Holland was responsible for the operations of  the radio station at Tandjong Redeh (Borneo). During this year NTM RH operates 2 radiodirectionfinding stations along the Dutch Coast (at Maassluis and IJmuiden) 
1925Also this year we went ahead with the modernization of the installed equipment on board the ships. Now the use of valve-receivers by our ship stations is virtually a universal application Shipowners of large passengerships gave us the order to install additional radio equipment for the transmission of continuous wave 
1925The results of wireless directionfinders on board ships were very successfull and resulted in a considerable number of orders for this type of equipment 
1925A radiotelephony installation was fitted on board one of the Dutch Light-vessels enabling to be called by means of a callsign recognition fort he first time. 
1925First notice of an agency on Curacao 
1925NTM RH starts with test transmissions in the Short Wave (4-30 MHz) 
1925Inspection Rotterdam occupies offices at Maaskade 44/45 and Boompjes 28 
1925Special company logo for the finance report 
1925Report school Amsterdam mr. Magnee Training for 1st class takes on average 14 months For 2nd class average of 6.5 months Total 100 students including 54 mates 
192531 Dec: 407ship’s stations in operation, 321 radio operators employed. Telegrams sent: 87243, received 85548 
1926On board 2 passenger ships music distribution systems were fitted enabling the music of the ship’s orchestra to be heard at the same time on different locations of the ship. By way of experiment, on some ships installations fitted for testint in the short waves. The results obtained are very favorable and it proved possible with such devices during trips to the East and West Indies tob e in contact with the motherland continuously. 
192631 dec:Total telegram traffic (sent and receive): 228000 messages 416 ship’s stations in operation, 329 radio operators employed 
1927At the invitation of the Government of the United States of America RH attended a member of the Executive Board of RH attended  the important Radio Conference in Washington Radio systems that used damped waves may still be used until 1940 
1927Together with Philips the brand Akiz-RadioHolland was started in the Dutch East Indies and pbtains the exclusive representation of the Philips radi products 
1927NTM RH gets a license from Dutch PTT to make use of the Short Wave frequencies 
192812 ships were equipped with facilities for communication in the short waves 
 In Dutch East Indies  the revenue from commercial and amateur radios increases and the expectation of favorable outcome as NIROM. (Netherlands Indies Broadcasting My) starts and the PHOHI (Philips Omroep Holland Indies) start regular broadcasts. Radio Holland in Tj.-Priok broadcasts the first speech of H. M. Wilhelmina via the PCJ transmitter audible. 
1928NTM Radio Holland NV was one of the founders of the international organization CIRM (Comité International Radio Maritime). The founding meeting was held in San Sebastian in Spain 
1928Together with the SA Trading Company (previously Mainz & Co.) Radio-Holland  are appointed as the management of the NIROM founded in December 1928. 
1929The radio directionfinding stations on the Dutch coast also operated satisfactorily this year. The number of bearings provided to vessels increased from 2245 to 3763 
1929Delay in the issue of the broadcasting license for the Netherlands Indian Government to NIROM. Ordered low power broadcast transmitter and is scheduled for commissioning in September 1930 
1930As of May 1, 1930 director L.H.F. Wackers retired. The Supervisory Board offered him the post of Adviser to the Board. Directors: Th. P. van den Bergh & W. G. Kuyk. Supervisory Board is identical to 1925 except that Mr. Bern E Ruys is replaced by the Ir D.T. Ruys. Mr. W. G. Kuyk appointed as Director on 22-8-1930 Mr. Ir. W.A.J. Liebert appoint as administrator in Dutch East Indies 
1930The radio directionfinding stations provided 3287 bearings in 1930. 
1930Participation in the NIROM remained unchanged. On the Tandjong Priok inspection a 1Kw test transmitter has been installed 
1930Refurbishing of the headquarters in Amsterdam 
193031dec: Telegram traffic: sent 147202 received: 156021 Staff 410 persons while started with 412 on January 1st 
1930Staff 410 
1930Agreement with KLM to hire radiotelegraphists on the same conditions as for ships 
1930Special logo on statement of cash register 
1930Premium for long trip was Fl 600 per year. 
1930Number of ship stations increased from 494 to 510 per 31-12-1930 138 ships equipped with radio direction finders 25 ships with devices for signaling in the (ultra) short wave Exploitation of music amplifiers a / b passenger: 13 Forecast for auto alarms is not fulfilled because Security Treaty of London in 1929 has not yet entered into force. In operation Total: 11 Order from Dutch Rescue companies to equip their motorlifeboats with radiotelephony. From one of their vessels on the North Sea an announcement was done via a Dutch boradcasting station. On Ss Colombia was a radio telephony system (type MC2) which was also used to broadcast music in the Caribbean waters. The possibilities for the development of radiotelephony were illustrated by an experiment which we took place from a small installation mounted on board a passenger ship lying at the Roads of Semarang. Using the radio the captain of that steamer had a very good telephone conversation with its management in the mother country through the shore station Semarang and the land line to Bandung (Dutch Indies-Netherlands) 
1931Opening of Radio -Holland Inspection on Curacao 
1931School Amsterdam: a total of 155 students 27 successful 2nd class 4x 1st class; 9x seinersmaat; Director G. Magnée Rotterdam School: A total of 65 pupils; 20x 2nd class; 10x 1st class; 42x seinersmaat Director B. Morel 
1931540 radiostations 154 ships with radiodirection finders 27 ships with short wave installations 15 lifeboat installations 9 radiotelephony installations 
1931Existing”spark”transmitters are poroibited tob e refitted in accordance with the 1927 Washington Radio Conference RH received the representation of ultra sonore echosounder Langevin-Chilowsky. In Germany the echosounder is called “Radio-Lot”. 
1931407 radio operators employed of which 80 reduced-pay. The 14 radio operators stationed at KLM are doing an excellent job according tot he reports More and more deck officer-radiotelegraphist creating a greater surplus of radiotelegraphists 
1931The operation of speaking film installations was started, with contracts for 11 passsenger ships In the port of Rotterdam were extensive tests were done with a radiotelephony connection between a station on shore and several small motor boats. These tests, providing connection  to the city telephone network, succeeded perfectly. The Director-General of PTT announced that a radiotelephone service will soon officially be started under its own control of the post ashore. 
1931NIROM receives broadcasting monopoly for 10 years which was accepted on April 1, 1933. Following the test mast of two years ago a 80-meter high Nirom radio tower is now erected on the property. 
1931April: In IJmuiden a RH sub-inspection is located at the Havenkade. Radiotelephone installations are delivered to the vessels Antje, Betje and Wielingen 
1931Redundancy scheme for radio operators could no longer be maintained. Number of staff was reduced from 407 to 300 at end-1932 
1932Crisis Discount of 10% was introduced for exploitation ship stations 
1933The number of fitted Alarm Devices rose sharply; from 17 to 136 pieces Number operated telephone stations increased from 11 to 21, operated by a crew member in possession of a license for radio operator. The communication range of this installation is a few hundred miles 
1933Operation of radio direction finding station closed in IJmuiden, since the Royal Navy  fitted there its own facility 
1934Crisis discount increases to 15% Radiotelephony equipment on fishing vessels 34 Echo Sounders: 17 Auto Alarm Devices 166 Directionfinders: 165 Number operated stations decreased from 480 to 466 
1934The Batavian Petroleum My RH was made responsible for the operation of coast station at Ceram, while we continue to operate the Short Wave installation Tandjong Redeb for the Parapattan My 
1934RH gets the representation of Varta batteries in Dutch Indies 
1934A new building is under sonstruction In Tandjong Priok 
1934At Curaçao we obtained a concession for the operation of a radio distribution system and its construction was started. Also  obtained the exclusive sales rights for Philips products. 
1934After years of decline of the telegram traffic this year there was a slight increase from 144 040 to 146 458. Two new types of telegrams were introduced so-called radio surprise telegrams and cheap S.L.T. telegrams (Ship’s Letter Telegram) 
1934With the crash of the KLM’s airplane UIVER we lost the radiotelegraphist G Zadelhoff who survived the earliers crash with the airplane OOIEVAAR 
1935The first Radio Hollanders are employed for 25 years and with the blessing of and in line with Marconi the are awarded the status Marconi-veteran. This group of people became the Radio Holland Veterans Club in the 1950’s 
1935Fitted directionfinders increased to 180 Echosounders increased to 41 (23 on ships, 18 to fishing vessels) Main Installations: 465 Short Wave installations: 35 Auto Alarm Devices 163 Radiotelephony installations: 66 (50 on the fishing vessels, 1x training vessel “Juliana”, 1 piece on yacht, 4 pcs on tugboats, 2 pieces bunker vessels, 1 piece at gdee[ sea vessel) Radio telephony systems for fishing vessels increased despite the economic crisis Radio contracts the crisis rebate was increased from 15 to 20% Coastal shipping in Groningen was targeted for different radio devices. Some contracts received for radiodirection-finders 
1935NIROM paying clients rose from 13.000 to 30.000 listeners 
1935The number of radiotelegraphist increased from 272 to 282. Radiotelegraphist L. Aafjes died at the crash of the KLM airplane GAAI 
1935Reference is made of Inspection IJmuiden and Scheveningen. Also the Radio Distribution Service at Curacao is in operation 
1935Located in Batavia, Aneta, Bandoeng, Semarang and Medan. Workshop and transmitter building in Tandjong Priok and accomodation in Huis Weltevreden are the premises in the Dutch Indies 
1935Radio Surprise Service introduced: First year 1600 telegrams 
1935Telegrams: sent-93.278 received 117.760 Radiotelephone calls: 735 – outgoing 196 – received 539                     Air traffic: 119 – sent 105 – incoming 2 
1936In the Dutch Indies the sales office moved from Parapatten to Batavia 
1936Radio accounting for ship’s radiotelephony stations: 102. Fishing vessels showed interest for coastal radiodirectionfinders 
1936From the 511 operated radiostation about 350 are fitted with quenced spark transmitters which have to replaced by “radiovalve”transmitters by the end of 1939 
1936With great sadness we commemorate the loss of the radio operator M.J. Uytermerk, who died in the disaster of the s / s Van der Wijck. Tot the last minute he stayed and in an exemplary manner he acted in the tradition of his profession. It pleased Her Majesty the Queen to distinguish him posthumously awarded the gold Rescue Medal. 
1936The location Keizersgracht 688 was bought for the training school in Amsterdam which moved there later that year. 
1936Ir. G.L. Tegelberg en J Ripperda Wiersma appointed as commissionar replacing Mr Hummel (deceased) and Bertling (resigned) 
1937Rental radiodirectionfinders: 337 of which 88 on coasters Echosounders: 91 End 1937 RH involvement with 648 vessels including yachts and elevators 
1937Telegram traffic increased from 105.180 to 128.078 
1937Listeners of NIROM rose from 39.000 to 54.300. In May 1938 to 61.000. Considering that only 200.000 people have an electricity connection in The Dutch Indies this number of subscriptions is quite impressive. 
1937The 34 shares of the Koninklijken Hollandschen Lloyd are placed with the other shareholders at a rate of 160% 
1937Opening of RH Delfzijl office (C.Houtmanstraat 37). The scope of work extended to inland shipping 
1937Commissionar {.J. Rosegaarde Bisschop passed away. Replaced by J.D.Brand 
1938122 vessels got new valve-transmitters. Another 140 have to follow. Be aware this costly replacement took place without any financial contribution of the shipowners. 
1938RH got the important order fort he radio installation of the “Nieuw Amsterdam”. Radio telegraphy and radio tekephony equipment together with echosounder and sound distribution- and movie systems. Also the ss “Statendam” was fitted with aradiotelephony insta 
1938End of year figures: 696 radio stations 415 directionfinders 121 echosounders 157 radio telephone stations mainly on fishing vessels 
1938Number of radiotelegraphist increased from 322 to 422 
1938Participation in the Syndicat to start the Algemeen Nederlandsch Indisch Film company “ANIFILM” . De first (and only) order from the Dutch Government concerned the movie “t Sal waerachtig wel gaen” which was praised by the authorities and the public. 
1939The scope of work extended tot he Royal Dutch navy. Building next to the headoffice at the Keizersgracht was bought. 
1939Before the start of World WarbII RH suffered its first victem. November “39; mr Bluemink, 26 years old and just married 
1939Replacement of quenced spark transmitter was achieved on the set date. We received a letter of appreciation of the PTT’s Directeur-Generaal for a job well done. 
1939After the outbreak of the European conflict the numer of orders increased sharply. Also the vessels, which could be rented or seized by the Royal Navy we managed to fit the needed installations Telegraphy stations: 470 Short Wave transmitters: 153 Directionfinders: 454 Echosounders: 139 Radiotelephony stations: 161 At the end of 1939 we are involved in managing radio installations on board 730 vessels 
1939Due to the circumstances the company “ANIFILM” was closed 
1940After the outbreak of the WW II many shipowners replaced their deck officer/telegraphist  by professionals. On January 1st 1940 RH employed 455 radiotelgraphists. Unfortunately duet o the torpedoing of the tankers “Sliedrecht” and “Den Haag” and also the sinking of ms “Rijnstroom” the radiotelegraphists Bluemink, M. Steggenga and W.F Bremer lost their lives. 
1940The number of NIROM listeners increased to 87.510, the subscriptions of our bradcast magazine from 31.009 to 43.992. In April 1940 the number of listeners increase to more than 92.000 and the subscriptions to 49.000 
1940-‘45The war years obviously had a very profound impact on our business. We suffered heavy losses in personnel and equipment. With great respect and gratitude we remember them, who remained at their posts or were in hot opposition by enemy violence. Their names are listed on a plaque in their honor which was placed in our Head Office. Among those who died also were Mr. W. G. Kuyk who joined the Company 1919  and was appointed in 1930 as Director. With great zeal and with all his strength, he has always defended the interests of our society Our thanks go to all our staff who served at sea or on land, often under very difficult circumstances due to the naval war or terror of the occupier, with courage and devotion to the interests entrusted to him. 
1940-1945From May 14th 1940 Ir. W.D.P. Stenfert was appointed as Director of the Company in Dutch Indies. Supervisory Board D.H. de Jong – Director of Kon.Paketvaart A.L.W van Dobben – Representative of the Java-China Line A.H. Bracht and Mr J.G. Krijger; all stationed at Batatvia The transfer from Amsterdam to Batavia took place under a deed of June 24, 1940. Approval of these Statutes modification was obtained by order of the Governor-General dated. 15 July 1940 No 22